The Bunurong/Boon Wurrung people are the traditional owners the land that stretched from Werribee, expanding north, as well as continuing east and south along the Mornington Peninsula. The Bunurong/Boonwurrung were hunter-gatherers living on local natural produce including animals, plants, fish and shellfish; they did not use boats, but fished from shallow waters using nets. Frankston foreshore and the Kananook Creek area provided ideal places to fish and hunt for eels and salt water plants. The Kananook Creek also provided drinking water, encouraged animals to the area and nourished other plants and trees.
European settlement in Frankston central began in the 1840s, when land was predominantly used for grazing. A township in Frankston central was established in the 1850s, chosen as a site because of the easy supply of fresh water from Kananook Creek and significant growth took place in the 1880s with the construction of a rail line. Due to the ease of transportation to the area, Frankston became a major resort and holiday destination for Melbourne, with residential development only occurring from the 1920s and medium to high density development occurring in the 1960s. Frankston Heights also emerged in two stages with residential development occurring in the 1940s and 1950s and the Kingsley Park Estate area was developed in the 1970s and 1980s. Over the years, Frankston has emerged as a major regional retail and commercial centre, servicing not only local residents but visitors from outer southern Melbourne and the Mornington Peninsula.